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How Effective are the Legal Responses to Football “Hooliganism”

Exploring the nature of football hooliganism, it is argued hooliganism is largely a collective discourse; individual punishment is redundant and counter-intuitive. However, current legal responses to hooliganism focus on individual punishment instead of targeting groups which facilitate hooligan behaviour. The current legislative framework therefore arguably created excessive and disproportionate penalties. This fails to properly address the mischief to the point of being counter-productive. As an alternative, this article argues that the first step to an effective set of legislative responses to hooliganism is having a better understanding of the nature of hooliganism rather than relying on any pre-conceived notions.

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